Cajun II Forage Tall Fescue

An affordable alternative to novel-endophyte fescue. Long lasting, high yielding, and
naturally endophyte free.

Cajun II endophyte-free forage tall fescue is an affordable alternative to both toxic KY-31 and novel-endophyte tall fescues. With high yields and extended longevity, Cajun II produces an abundance of non-toxic forage for many years, providing a fresh option to combat productivity and profit losses caused by fescue toxicosis.

Features

Hot and Cold Tolerant

Cajun II is a special crossing of European-type and Mediterranean-type fescues. This unique breeding gives it a greater range of adaptation and the ability to perform well in hot, humid climates, as well as colder climates.

Producers are finding Cajun II an excellent performer throughout both the Northern half of the US as well as down through the Transition zone and Upper South.

High Yielding, Early Maturing

Cajun II is bred for high yields. In addition to high first cutting yields and early spring growth, Cajun II provides extended fall production. Cajun II is eleven days earlier than Kentucky-31.

Matching grazing/cutting dates to this early maturity characteristic means higher yields, increased stocking rates, and greater gains.

Better Animal Performance

Cajun II is not only high yielding, but also provides nutritious grass year-round. Grazing livestock will spend more time grazing and less time in the shade or in the ponds. This means faster weight gains and more profits.

Additionally, increased cattle reproductivity can be expected when grazing Cajun II as compared to toxic KY-31 tall fescue.

Horse-Friendly Fescue

Cajun II is safe for all livestock, including horses. Enjoy the benefits of tall fescue without worrying about the health of your horses or for that matter any of your livestock.

Versatile

Cajun II can be planted as either a straight stand, or used in mixtures with other grasses, including orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, timothy, and festulolium. Cajun II also works well with cool season legumes. The use of a white clover, such as Renovation, will produce a high-performance pasture ideal for beef, dairy, and other livestock.

Persistance

Persistance

Persistence is one of first questions asked about forage tall fescues. Producers are used to toxic KY-31 tall fescue lasting for decades. Persistence is the main benefit of KY-31. But it comes at a price. Poor animal health, lower reproductivity cost the cattle industry billions of dollars each year. If persistence is the most important priority, planting toxic KY-31 would be our recommendation. If, however, animal performance is your chief goal, then Cajun II should be on your short list of tall fescue options.

So how does Cajun II persist, especially as compared to toxic KY-31 and novel endophyte fescues? The short answer is very well under managed grazing and hay operations. Under continuous grazing, however, toxic KY-31 will outlast both Cajun II and novel endophyte fescues simple because the toxicity of the plants normally prevents grazing animals from overgrazing toxic KY-31. Plants that are not toxic are subject to overgrazing. Overgrazing will result in stand loss and reduced persistence.

In managed grazing and hay production, Cajun II has demonstrated very similar persistence to both novel fescues and KY-31. Data shown below from the University of Kentucky charts a 97-99% stand over four years of managed grazing. Penn State reported over 95% stands after 3 years of hay production. In Tennessee, 3-year hay trial totals for Cajun II were equal to that of both Jesup MaxQ and Texoma MaxQ II. Mississippi State has shown Cajun II with equal yields to Texoma MaxQ II for the reported two years of the study (2013-15).

University of Kentucky

Managed Cattle Grazing Trial

Lexington, KY 2010–2014

  Percent Stand
Variety 10/14/10 10/4/11 10/10/12 10/15/13 11/3/14
KY-31 99 99 99 99 99
MaxQ 96 98 98 98 98
CajunII 99 99 97 97 97
BarOptima PLUS E34 95 98 97 97 97
LSD,0.05 3 2 2 2 2
Selected varieties. Complete trial results available upon request.
Sown Sept 1, 2010.

Yield Data

Cajun II is a high-yielder. In trials throughout the country, Cajun II either out-performs or yields equal to other tall fescue options. In many cases, Cajun II shows higher yields over both toxic KY-31 fescue as well as novel endophyte varieties. Below are numerous trial results from multiple states. Select the state icon to see data from that state.

University of Tennessee

Tennessee Hay Trial

Milan, TN – 2009–2011

  Tons Dry Matter/Acre
Variety 2009 2010 2011 3-Yr Total
TF-25 (Goliath) 3.38* 2.68* 2.18* 8.23*
Cajun II 3.04* 2.46* 2.58* 8.08*
Texoma MaxQ II 3.02* 2.60* 2.41* 8.03*
Select 2.99* 2.65* 2.35* 7.98*
Jesup Max Q 2.89 2.35* 2.20* 7.44*
Cowgirl 2.97* 2.41* 2 7.38*
LSD ( P=.05) 0.52 0.48 0.43 1.02
Planted September 29, 2008.
Experimental varieties not listed.
*Yielded statistically the same as the top-yielding entry.
Complete trial data available upon request.

Kentucky Trial Results

Princeton, KY – 2010–2012

  Seedling Vigor1 Maturity2 Percent Stand Yields (tons/acre)
Variety Nov 19, 2010 Apr 18, 2012 Oct 29, 2012 2011 Total Apr 18, 2012 Jun 19, 2012 Oct 29, 2012 2012 Total 2-year Total
KY31 4.3 46.0 100 2.60 0.94 0.70 0.63 2.26 4.86*
Cajun II 3.5 54.0 100 2.34 0.98 0.68 0.55 2.21 4.55*
Jesup EF 3.5 55.0 98 2.42 1.03 0.63 0.47 2.13 4.55*
Jesup MaxQ 3.4 52.5 100 2.26 0.85 0.62 0.57 2.05 4.31
Goliath 3.3 52.0 99 2.18 0.87 0.67 0.56 2.10 4.28
Bronson 3.6 52.5 100 2.03 0.88 0.64 0.59 2.11 4.14
Cowgirl 3.9 52.5 100 2.15 0.81 0.62 0.53 1.97 4.12
Kentucky 32 3.4 48.3 100 2.31 0.75 0.58 0.47 1.80 4.11
BarOptima PLUS E34 2.6 46.0 95 2.10 0.70 0.63 0.66 1.99 4.09
Select 2.6 51.3 99 2.08 0.84 0.64 0.49 1.97 4.05
BarElite 3.3 39.0 97 1.72 0.67 0.60 0.58 1.85 3.57
LSD, 0.05 1.0 4.1 2 0.39 0.16 0.13 0.12 0.23 0.53
Planted Sept. 16, 2010
1 Vigor score based on scale of 1 to 5 with 5 being the most vigorous seedling growth.
2 Maturity rating scale: 37 = flag leaf emergence, 45 = boot swollen, 50 = beginning of inflorescence emergence, 58 = complete emergence of inflorescence, 62 = beginning of pollen shed.
Complete trial data available upon request.

Kentucky Trial Results

Lexington, KY – 2013–2015

Variety Maturity¹ Percent Stand Yield (tons DM/acre)
8-May-14 29-Oct-15 2014 Total May 11, 2015 June 17, 2015 August 7, 2015 Total 2015 2-year Total
BarOptima PLUS E34 48.0 99* 4.19* 1.50 0.26* 0.74* 2.50* 6.69*
KY31 49.8 100* 3.96* 1.46 0.37* 0.80* 2.62* 6.59*
Goliath 56.0* 97* 3.99* 1.49 0.26* 0.89* 2.59* 6.56*
Cajun II 5.50* 92* 3.46 1.77* 0.25* 0.90* 2.91* 6.37*
Select 55.0* 99* 4.08* 1.47 0.26* 0.54* 2.27* 6.35*
Jesup MaxQ 56.0* 98* 3.66* 1.53* 0.21* 0.76* 2.50* 6.16*
Bronson 55.5* 96* 3.26 1.81* 0.33* 0.71* 2.84* 6.10*
Lacefield MaxQ II 50.8 100* 3.74* 1.38 0.15 0.82* 2.35* 6.09*
LSD, 0.05 3.8 3 0.70 0.30 0.18 0.39 0.68 1.29
Planted Sept 5, 2013
¹Maturity rating scale: 37=flag leaf emergence, 45=boot swollen, 50=beginning of inflorescence emergence, 58=complete emergence of inflorescence, 62=beginning of pollen shed.
*Not significantly different from the highest numerical value in the column, based on the 0.05 LSD.
Complete trail data upon request.

Pennsylvania Trial Results

Rock Springs, PA – 1995–1998

  Tons Dry Matter / Acre Ground Cover
Stand Oct. '98
Variety 1996 1997 1998 3-yr Ave
Cajun II 7.28 5.25 4.86 5.8 95.80%
Stargrazer 7.16 4.89 4.4 5.54 95.00%
KY-31 6.89 5.48 4.24 5.54 98.00%
Fawn 6.9 4.95 4.55 5.48 95.00%
Barcel 6.91 4.11 5.1 5.37 96.50%
Montebello 6.47 4.81 4.7 5.33 93.80%
Barcarella 6.97 4.88 4.15 5.33 95.00%
Johnstone 6.35 4.84 3.75 4.98 95.80%
Lsd 0.05 0.78 0.65 0.86 0.62 6.50%
Sown April 25th,1995
Complete trial data available upon request.

North Carolina Trial Results

Wake County, NC – 1994–1995

  Dry Matter / Acre
Variety 1994 1995 2-yr Ave
Stargrazer 6951 9033 7992
Cajun II 6673 9045 7859
AU Triumph 6592 9043 7818
KY-31 6572 8802 7687
Enforcer 6612 8566 7589
Georgia 5 6506 8569 7538
Cattleclub 6054 8497 7274
Lsd 0.05 540 839 678
Complete trial data available upon request.

University of Wisconsin

Forage Trial

Arlington, WI – 2014–2015

  DM/a
  2015 total 2014 total 2-yr total
KY 31 7.28 7.28 14.56
Cajun II 6.99 6.99 13.98
Cowgirl 6.86 6.86 13.72
Lipalma 6.80 6.8 13.60
Teton II 6.66 6.66 13.32
TF705SL 6.58 6.58 13.16
TF0402 6.66 6.38 13.04
TF0401 6.22 6.23 12.45
NFT 1370 5.69 5.7 11.39
NFTF 1051 5.65 5.65 11.30
NFTF1044 5.46 5.46 10.92
LSD (P=.05) 0.84 0.71  

Mississippi State University

Hay Trial

Holly Springs, MS – 2013–2015

  Tons Dry Matter/Acre
  Harvest Date Total 2-yr. Average
Variety 4/21/2015 6/9/2015    
Cajun II 4343* 4120* 8462* 8727*
Texoma MaxQ II 3169 4058* 7826* 7655
Rustler 4120* 3973* 8093* 7395
KY-31 3623 4192* 7815* 7252
LSD 666 NS 1101 867
Planted Sept. 27, 2013
Experimental varieties not listed; complete trial data available upon request.
*no statistical difference to the top variety

Forage Quality

Forage Quality and Texture

Forage quality data from Cornell University shows good NDF and NDF digestibility at both the boot and first cut stage.

Cornell University

Northern New York Hay/Forage Quality Trial

Chazy, NY – 2011–2012

  Total DM/A NDFD Forage Quality
Variety 3 Cuttings 1st Cutting
May 18
2nd Cutting
Jun 13
Best score 4.34* 76.3* 67.8*
Cajun II 4.03* 73.4 63.9
Bronson 3.91* 72.5 65.1
BarOptimum
PLUS E34
3.84 75.2* 64
Jesup MaxQ 3.8 73.9 65.3
Kora 3.79 75.2* 67.7*
KY-31 3.41 75.0* 65.9*
Kentucky 32 3.26 76.2* 66.0*
Lowest score 3.1 71.4 63.5
LSD 0.47 2.25 2.25
* statistically equal to the best score
NDFD - Neutral Detergent Fiber Digestibility
Sown Spring 2011 - complete results available upon request.

Planting

Cajun II can be seeded at a rate of 30-40 lbs/acre depending on the mix or purpose. For best results, plant in the early spring and fall. Ideal seeding depth: 1/8–3/8 inches.

Seeding Rate - new pastures 30–40 lbs. /ac
Seeding Rate - overseeding 10–15 lbs. /ac
Planting Dates early spring and fall
Planting Zones (map) green
Planting Depth ⅛–⅜"
Optimal pH Range 5.5–6.0
Germination 7–14 days
Planting zones

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