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Cajun II

Cajun II

Endophyte-free Forage Tall Fescue

An affordable alternative
to novel-endophyte tall fescue.

Cajun II is an affordable alternative to both toxic KY-31 and novel-endophyte tall fescues. With high yields and extended longevity, it produces an abundance of non-toxic forage for many years. Combat productivity and profit losses caused by fescue toxicosis with Cajun II.

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Features

Horse-Friendly Fescue

Cajun II is safe for all livestock, including horses. Enjoy the benefits of tall fescue without worrying about the health of your horses or for that matter any of your livestock.

Better Animal Performance

Cajun II is not only high yielding, but also provides nutritious grass year-round. Grazing livestock will spend more time grazing and less time in the shade or in the ponds. This means faster weight gains and more profits.

Additionally, increased cattle reproductivity can be expected when grazing Cajun II as compared to toxic KY-31 tall fescue.

Hot and Cold Tolerant

Cajun II is a special crossing of European-type and Mediterranean-type fescues. This unique breeding gives it a greater range of adaptation and the ability to perform well in hot, humid climates, as well as colder climates.

Producers are finding Cajun II an excellent performer throughout both the Northern half of the US as well as down through the Transition zone and Upper South.

High Yielding, Early Maturing

Cajun II is bred for high yields. In addition to high first cutting yields and early spring growth, Cajun II provides extended fall production. Cajun II is eleven days earlier than Kentucky-31.

Matching grazing/cutting dates to this early maturity characteristic means higher yields, increased stocking rates,and greater gains.

Versatile

Cajun II can be planted as either a straight stand, or used in mixtures with other grasses, including orchardgrass,perennial ryegrass, timothy, and festulolium. Cajun II also works well with cool season legumes. The use of a white clover, such as Renovation, will produce a high-performance pasture ideal for beef, dairy, and other livestock.

Persistance

Persistance

Persistence is one of first questions asked about forage tall fescues. Producers are used to toxic KY-31 tall fescue lasting for decades. Persistence is the main benefit of KY-31. But it comes at a price. Poor animal health, lower reproductivity cost the cattle industry billions of dollars each year. If persistence is the most important priority,planting toxic KY-31 would be our recommendation. If, however, animal performance is your chief goal, then Cajun II should be on your short list of tall fescue options.

So how does Cajun II persist, especially as compared to toxic KY-31 and novel endophyte fescues? The short answer is very well under managed grazing and hay operations. Under continuous grazing, however, toxic KY-31 will outlast both Cajun II and novel endophyte fescues simple because the toxicity of the plants normally prevents grazing animals from overgrazing toxic KY-31. Plants that are not toxic are subject to overgrazing. Overgrazing will result in stand loss and reduced persistence.

In managed grazing and hay production, Cajun II has demonstrated very similar persistence to both novel fescues and KY-31. Data shown below from the University of Kentucky charts a 98% stand over four years of managed grazing. Penn State reported over 95% stands after 3 years of hay production. In Tennessee, 3-year hay trial totals for CajunII were equal to that of both Jesup MaxQ and Texoma MaxQ II. Mississippi State has shown Cajun II with equal yields to Texoma MaxQ II for the reported two years of the study (2013-15).

University of Kentucky

Managed Cattle Grazing Trial

Lexington, KY 2014–2017

  Percent Stand      
Variety 10/9/14 10/21/15 10/5/16 10/19/17
BarOptima PLUS E34 98 100 100 100*
KY-31 100 100 100 100*
Jesup MaxQ 100 100 100 100*
Select 99 100 100 100*
Lacefield MaxQII 100 100 100 99*
Cajun II 100 100 100 98*
LSD,0.05 1 0 0 3
*Not significantly different from the highest numerical value in the column, based on the 0.05 LSD.
Sown Sept 9, 2014.

Yield Data

Cajun II is a high-yielder. In trials throughout the country, Cajun II either out-performs or yields equal to other tall fescue options. In many cases, Cajun II shows higher yields over both toxic KY-31 fescue as well as novel endophyte varieties. Below are numerous trial results from multiple states. Select the state icon to see data from that state.

Mississippi State University

Hay Trial

2015–2017

  2-year Ave DM/ac      
Variety Starkville Newton Holly Springs 3-location ave.
Cajun II 5848 2613 3921 4127
Dominate 5419 2023 4439 3960
Tower Protek 4725 2649 3971 3782
Texoma MaxQ 4798 2046 3907 3584
KY-31 4304 2550 3533 3462
Martin2 Protek 3625 2838 3911 3458
Planted October 1-7, 2015
Experimental varieties not listed; complete trial data available upon request.

Kentucky Trial Results

Lexington, KY – 2013–2016

  Maturity¹ Percent Stand Yield (tons DM/acre)
Variety 8-May-14 17-Oct-16 Total 2014 Total 2015 Total 2016 3-year Total
Cajun II 55.0* 93 3.46 2.91* 2.58 8.94*
Goliath 56.0* 98* 3.99* 2.59 2.22* 8.85*
KY31 49.8 100* 3.96* 2.62* 2.16* 8.75*
BarOptima PLUS E34 48.0 99* 4.19* 2.50* 1.98 8.66*
Bronson 55.5* 97 3.26 2.84* 2.32* 8.43*
Lacefield MaxQ II 50.8 99* 3.74* 2.35* 2.13* 8.21*
Select 55.0* 99* 4.08* 2.27* 1.86 8.21*
Jesup MaxQ 56.0* 99* 3.66* 2.50* 1.74 7.91*
LSD, 0.05 3.8 2 0.70 0.68 0.57 1.58
Planted Sept 5, 2013
¹Maturity rating scale: 37=flag leaf emergence, 45=boot swollen, 50=beginning of inflorescence emergence,58=complete emergence of inflorescence, 62=beginning of pollen shed.
*Not significantly different from the highest numerical value in the column, based on the 0.05 LSD.
Complete trial data upon request.

Kentucky Trial Results

Princeton, KY – 2015–2017

  Seedling Vigor 1 Maturity 2 Percent Stand      
Variety Oct 15, ‘15 May 4, ‘16 Oct 25, ‘17 ‘16 Total ’17 Total 2-year Total
Lacefield Max QII 4.4* 56.0 100 7.83* 3.35* 11.18*
Cajun II 4.1* 58.0* 100 7.24* 3.85* 11.09*
Hymark 2.9 57.5* 100 7.46* 3.53* 10.99*
Bronson 3.0 57.0* 100 7.32* 3.64* 10.95*
Select 3.6* 57.0* 100 7.15* 3.39* 10.54*
Dominate 4.0* 58.0* 100 7.08* 3.43* 10.50*
Jesup MaxQ 2.5 58.0* 100 7.06* 3.35* 10.40*
Baguala 2.9 57.5* 100 6.61 3.62* 10.24*
BarOptima PLUS E34 3.1 54.0 100 6.79 3.44* 10.22*
KY31 55.0 100 6.74 2.99* 9.74
lsd 1.1 1.5 0 0.88 0.78 1.34
Planted Aug 25, 2015.
1 Vigor score based on scale of 1 to 5 with 5 being the most vigorous seedling growth.
2 Maturity rating scale: 37=flag leaf emergence, 45=boot swollen, 50=beginning of inflorescence emergence,58=complete emergence of inflorescence, 62=beginning of pollen shed.
*No significant difference from highest numerical value in columm.
Complete trial data available upon request.

Kentucky Trial Results

Princeton, KY – 2010–2012

  Seedling Vigor 1 Maturity 2 Percent Stand Yields (tons/acre)
Variety Nov 19, 2010 Apr 18, 2012 Oct 29, 2012 2011 Total Apr 18, 2012 Jun 19, 2012 Oct 29, 2012 2012 Total 2-year Total
KY31 4.3 46.0 100 2.60 0.94 0.70 0.63 2.26 4.86*
Cajun II 3.5 54.0 100 2.34 0.98 0.68 0.55 2.21 4.55*
Jesup EF 3.5 55.0 98 2.42 1.03 0.63 0.47 2.13 4.55*
Jesup MaxQ 3.4 52.5 100 2.26 0.85 0.62 0.57 2.05 4.31
Goliath 3.3 52.0 99 2.18 0.87 0.67 0.56 2.10 4.28
Bronson 3.6 52.5 100 2.03 0.88 0.64 0.59 2.11 4.14
Cowgirl 3.9 52.5 100 2.15 0.81 0.62 0.53 1.97 4.12
Kentucky 32 3.4 48.3 100 2.31 0.75 0.58 0.47 1.80 4.11
BarOptima PLUS E34 2.6 46.0 95 2.10 0.70 0.63 0.66 1.99 4.09
Select 2.6 51.3 99 2.08 0.84 0.64 0.49 1.97 4.05
BarElite 3.3 39.0 97 1.72 0.67 0.60 0.58 1.85 3.57
LSD, 0.05 1.0 4.1 2 0.39 0.16 0.13 0.12 0.23 0.53
Planted Sept. 16, 2010
1 Vigor score based on scale of 1 to 5 with 5 being the most vigorous seedling growth.
2 Maturity rating scale: 37=flag leaf emergence, 45=boot swollen, 50=beginning of inflorescence emergence,58=complete emergence of inflorescence, 62=beginning of pollen shed.
Complete trial data available upon request.

Pennsylvania Trial Results

Rock Springs, PA – 1995–1998

  Tons Dry Matter / Acre Ground Cover
Stand Oct. '98
Variety 1996 1997 1998 3-yr Ave
Cajun II 7.28 5.25 4.86 5.8 95.80%
Stargrazer 7.16 4.89 4.4 5.54 95.00%
KY-31 6.89 5.48 4.24 5.54 98.00%
Fawn 6.9 4.95 4.55 5.48 95.00%
Barcel 6.91 4.11 5.1 5.37 96.50%
Montebello 6.47 4.81 4.7 5.33 93.80%
Barcarella 6.97 4.88 4.15 5.33 95.00%
Johnstone 6.35 4.84 3.75 4.98 95.80%
Lsd 0.05 0.78 0.65 0.86 0.62 6.50%
Sown April 25th,1995
Complete trial data available upon request.

North Carolina Trial Results

Wake County, NC – 1994–1995

  Dry Matter / Acre
Variety 1994 1995 2-yr Ave
Stargrazer 6951 9033 7992
Cajun II 6673 9045 7859
AU Triumph 6592 9043 7818
KY-31 6572 8802 7687
Enforcer 6612 8566 7589
Georgia 5 6506 8569 7538
Cattleclub 6054 8497 7274
Lsd 0.05 540 839 678
Complete trial data available upon request.

University of Wisconsin

Forage Trial

Arlington, WI – 2014–2015

  DM/a
  2015 total 2014 total 2-yr total
KY 31 7.28 7.28 14.56
Cajun II 6.99 6.99 13.98
Cowgirl 6.86 6.86 13.72
Lipalma 6.80 6.8 13.60
Teton II 6.66 6.66 13.32
TF705SL 6.58 6.58 13.16
TF0402 6.66 6.38 13.04
TF0401 6.22 6.23 12.45
NFT 1370 5.69 5.7 11.39
NFTF 1051 5.65 5.65 11.30
NFTF1044 5.46 5.46 10.92
LSD (P=.05) 0.84 0.71  

University of Tennessee

Tennessee Hay Trial

Milan, TN – 2009–2011

  Tons Dry Matter/Acre
Variety 2009 2010 2011 3-Yr Total
TF-25 (Goliath) 3.38* 2.68* 2.18* 8.23*
Cajun II 3.04* 2.46* 2.58* 8.08*
Texoma MaxQ II 3.02* 2.60* 2.41* 8.03*
Select 2.99* 2.65* 2.35* 7.98*
Jesup Max Q 2.89 2.35* 2.20* 7.44*
Cowgirl 2.97* 2.41* 2 7.38*
LSD ( P=.05) 0.52 0.48 0.43 1.02
Planted September 29, 2008.
Experimental varieties not listed.
*Yielded statistically the same as the top-yielding entry.
Complete trial data available upon request.

Michigan State University

Forage Yield Trial (DM/A)

East Lansing, MI – 2014–2017

  ‘17 ‘16 ‘15 3-YR total
Tower 4.14* 4.37* 5.32* 13.83*
Dominate 4.30* 4.29* 4.92* 13.51*
Cajun II 4.03* 4.14* 4.48* 12.64*
BarElite 3.78* 4.16* 4.59* 12.53*
Bariane 3.24 3.51 4.43 11.17
LSD 0.60 0.35 0.73 1.33
Planted May 24, 2014.
Experimental varieties not listed.
Yielded statistically the same as the top-yielding entry.
Complete trial data available upon request.

Forage Quality

Forage Quality and Texture

Forage quality data from Cornell University shows good NDF and NDF digestibility at both the boot and first cut stage.

Cornell University

Northern New York Hay/Forage Quality Trial

Chazy, NY – 2011–2012

  Total DM/A NDFD Forage Quality
Variety 3 Cuttings 1st Cutting
May 18
2nd Cutting
Jun 13
Best score 4.34* 76.3* 67.8*
Cajun II 4.03* 73.4 63.9
Bronson 3.91* 72.5 65.1
BarOptima PLUS E34 3.84 75.2* 64
Jesup MaxQ 3.8 73.9 65.3
Kora 3.79 75.2* 67.7*
KY-31 3.41 75.0* 65.9*
Kentucky 32 3.26 76.2* 66.0*
Lowest score 3.1 71.4 63.5
LSD 0.47 2.25 2.25
* statistically equal to the best score
NDFD - Neutral Detergent Fiber Digestibility
Sown Spring 2011 - complete results available upon request.

Planting

Cajun II can be seeded at a rate of 30-40 lbs/acre depending on the mix or purpose. For best results, plant in the early spring and fall. Ideal seeding depth: 1/8–3/8 inches.

Seeding Rate - new pastures 30–40 lbs. /ac
Seeding Rate - overseeding 10–15 lbs. /ac
Planting Dates early spring and fall
Planting Zones (map) green
Planting Depth ⅛–⅜"
Optimal pH Range 5.8–7.0
Germination 7–14 days
Planting zones

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